Dative: object with compound verbs

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The dative signals the object with a number of compound verbs (with ἐν-, ἐπι-, συν- etc.).

Lexical usage

The semantic role of the object depends on the meaning of the prefix in the compound verb in question. Common prefixes include ἐν- (place), ἐπι- (malefactive) and συν- (instrument). Less frequent are παρα-, περι-, προσ- and ὑπο-.
In these compound verbs the preposition usually has an abstract meaning. If a concrete meaning is expressed a construction with a prepositional phrase is preferred (e.g. εἰς τὰς τριήρεις ἐμβήσονται (Lys. 2.32) ‘They will go aboard the triremes’).

Example Sentences: 


ἀλλὰ μήν, ὁ Κῦρος ἔφη, εἴς γε τὸ προθυμίαν ἐμβαλεῖν στρατιώταις οὐδέν μοι δοκεῖ ἱκανώτερον εἶναι ἢ τὸ δύνασθαι ἐλπίδας ἐμποιεῖν ἀνθρώποις

“En bovendien,” zei Kyros, “om enthousiasme op te wekken bij de soldaten lijkt niets mij effectiever te zijn dan de macht om hoop aan te wakkeren bij de mannen.”



τὸ δὲ πειθομένους τοὺς στρατιώτας παρέχεσθαι ἐκ τοῦ συναδικεῖν αὐτοῖς ἐμηχανᾶτο

Hij slaagde erin zijn soldaten gehoorzaam te maken door hun medeplichtige te worden in onrecht.