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Accusative: degree/measure as satellite
ἀμφὶ τὴν κάμινον ἔχω τὰ πολλά
‘Usually I occupy myself with my furnace.’ (Luc. Prom. 5)
The accusative expresses a degree or measure as a satellite.
Expressions of degree or measure are often almost adverbial: (τὴν) ἀρχήν οὐ/μή ‘not at all, not in the least’, τὸ ἐλάχιστον ‘at least’, μέγα, μεγάλα ‘to a large extent’, πολύ, πολλά ‘very’ τὸ πολύ, τὰ πολλά ‘largely, for the greater part’.
Pronouns are also frequently used in the accusative: οὐδέν or μηδέν ‘by no means’, ὅσον, ὅσα ‘as many as’, τι ‘somewhat, to some extent’, τοσοῦτον, τοσαῦτα ‘to that extent’. With comparatives the dative is more common.
τοσοῦτόν γ’ οἶδα κἀμαυτὴν, ὅτι ἀλγῶ
Indeed, I know myself so well that I suffer.
ἁλὴς δὲ ἐὼν ὁ ναυτικὸς στρατὸς δυσμεταχείριστός τε αὐτοῖσι γίνεται, καὶ ἀρχὴν οὐκ ἀξιόμαχοί τοι ἔσονται
When the navy is gathered it is invincible to them (= the enemy), and they will by no means be able to give battle.
ἀλλ’ οὐδέν τι χαλεποῦ πράγματος ἐπιθυμεῖς, ὦ Ἀλκιβιάδη, φάναι τὸν Περικλέα, βουλόμενος γνῶναι τί ἐστι νόμος
Well, Alcibiades, Pericles said, you do not desire a very difficult matter, if you wish to know what a law is.