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Attraction of pronoun to its predicate NP


When the subject is a demonstrative or relative pronoun, it takes the gender and number of tis predicate NP, when the latter is a substantive. Thus one will usually not encounter *τοῦτο ἐστὶν ἀρετή, but rather αὕτη ἐστὶν ἀρετή ‘That is virtue’.


In Latin this form of attraction also exists, but there it is obligatory.

Example Sentences: 

Ἡροδότου Ἁλικαρνησσέος ἱστορίης ἀπόδεξις ἥδε, ὡς μήτε τὰ γενόμενα ἐξ ἀνθρώπων τῷ χρόνῳ ἐξίτηλα γένηται

This is the exposition of the inquiry of Herodotus of Halicarnassus, in order to ensure that the deeds of men will not be lost to time.