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Accusative: duration as satellite
ἐβασίλευσε δὲ μῆνας ὀκτὼ τὸ σύμπαν.
‘He reigned for eight months in all.’ (Plut. Lyc. 3.4)
The accusative signals a duration as a satellite. The governing word expresses an atelic or iterative action.
The word in the accusative usually indicates time, e.g. ‘month’ or ‘year’. An age is expressed by γεγονώς with the accusative of duration: εἴκοσιν ἔτη γεγονώς ‘twenty years old’.
In a few cases the accusative of duration can be converted to the subject of a passive construction (e.g. καὶ ἤδη τρεῖς μῆνες ἐπετετριηράρχηντό μοι, Dem. 50.23).
καὶ γὰρ ἡμεῖς δύο μόνας ἡμέρας ἐν εὐδίᾳ πλεύσαντες, τῆς τρίτης ὑποφαινούσης πρὸς ἀνίσχοντα τὸν ἥλιον ἄφνω ὁρῶμεν θηρία καὶ κήτη πολλὰ μὲν καὶ ἄλλα
And indeed, we had only been sailing for two days - in good weather - and when the third day arrived, at dawn, we suddenly saw wild animals, and also many whales.
ἐνιαυτὸν μὲν οὖν καὶ μῆνας ὀκτὼ τοῦτον διήγομεν τὸν τρόπον .
So thus we spent a year and eight months.