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Accusative: space, distance or path as satellite

Syntactical Level

ἀλλ’ εἰπέ μοι πόσους ψύλλα πόδας ἐμοῦ ἀπέχει

‘Tell me how many flea legs he's got away from me.’ (Xen. Sym. 6.8.1)

The accusative signals a space, distance or path as a satellite.

Lexical usage

The accusative of extension is used with verbs and adjectives denoting a random movement without direction (e.g. πέτομαι ‘to fly’ and πλέω ‘to sail’).

Syntactic usage

Sometimes the accusative can be converted into the subject of a passive construction. In such cases it is best to interpret it as an object.
The accusative often occurs in combination with other accusatives, which creates a situation with a double accusative.

Example Sentences: 

Μενέλαε, μαστεύων σε κιγχάνω μόλις

πᾶσαν πλανηθεὶς τήνδε βάρβαρον χθόνα

Menelaus, I have reached you after a difficult search, having wandered throughout this barbaric land. [provisional translation]

ἐξελαύνει σταθμοὺς τρεῖς παρασάγγᾱς εἴκοσι καὶ δύο

[translation underway] ֍

ὅπως δὲ χρὴ τάττειν εἰς μάχην στρατιὰν ἢ ὅπως ἄγειν ἡμέρας ἢ νυκτὸς ἢ στενὰςπλατείας ὁδοὺςὀρεινὰςπεδινάς...

But how you should arrange an army for battle and how you should lead it by day or by night, over narrow or broad, steep or level roads…

ὁ δὲ ὄχλος ἐκ τῆς πόλεως ἅπας συνηκολούθησεν, ἀπέχοντος τοῦ τόπου σταδίους διακοσίους.

The crowd came together outside the city in the place which was two hundred stadia away.