Prepositions with the genitive: concession

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ὄμνυσι δ’ αἰχμὴν ... || ἦ μὴν λαπάξειν ἄστυ Καδμείων βίᾳ | Διός

He swears by his spear... that he will plunder the city of the Cadmeans in spite of Zeus.


The (‘false’) prepositions βίᾳ and πρὸς βίαν signal a concession.

Frequential information

These prepositions, if they can be called prepositions in the first place, do not occur frequently. Usually Greek prefers an embedded construction, often with a participle (i.e. καὶ, περ or καίπερ + participle; εἰ καί or καὶ εἰ + subordinate clause).

Example Sentences: 


- ὁ Πηλεὺς δ’ ἔσχε Νηρέως κόρην. | - θεοῦ διδόντος, ἢ βίᾳ θεῶν λαβών;

And Peleus married the daughter of Nereus. - After the god had granted her, or after he had taken her in spite of the gods?