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Prepositions with the genitive: property


διὰ φόβου εἰσί

‘They are afraid’ (Thuc. 6.34)

The prepositions διά and μετά with the genitive signal a property.

Lexical usage

With this meaning διά + genitive usually functions as predicate NP with a copular verb like εἰμί, γίγνομαι or ἔχω.

Example Sentences: 

ἐλθεῖν ἡμῖν διὰ μάχης

to meet us in battle [provisional translation]

ἀλλ᾽ οἶμαι ταῦτα μὲν ἂν εἴποι ἀνὴρ ὄντως βεβιωκὼς μετ᾽ ἀρετῆς

Well, in my opinion a man who had truly lived a virtuous life would say this. ֍