You are here

Accusative: direction as satellite

Syntactical Level

ἥξεις δ' Ὑβριστὴν ποταμὸν οὐ ψευδώνυμον.

‘Then you will reach the Restless River, which is not so called for nothing.’ (Aesch. Prom. 717)

In poetry the accusative signals a direction with verbs indicating movement or orientation.

Lexical usage

Words in the accusative

This usually involves common nouns which refer to a physical location or social gatherings (e.g. βούλη ‘assembly’).

Syntactic usage

In prose one uses a preposition (e.g. εἰς, πρός or ἐπί) or the suffix -δε.
The word in the accusative is usually accompanied by a modifier.
In Homer and in the lyrical sections of tragedies (i.e. in de choral odes) even persons may be put in the accusative of direction.

Example Sentences: 

εἶθ', ὅταν δόμους ἔλθωσιν αὖθις, ἐκτετίμηνται πλέον.

Subsequently, whenever they return home again, they are praised more.

παρθένοι ὀμβροφόροι ἔλθωμεν λιπαράν χθόνα Παλλάδος

[translation underway]

σοῦ μέν ἐλθούσης χθόνα, πειράσομαι σου προξενεῖν δίκαιος ὤν .

[translation underway]