Prepositions with the dative: beneficiary and malefactive

Filters


The preposition ἐπί with the dative signals a malefactive or, less frequently, a beneficiary.

Lexical usage

This mostly involves fixed expressions:

  • beneficiary: ἐπ’ ἀγαθῷ ‘for the good’, ἐπ’ εὐνοίᾳ ‘for benevolence’, ἐπὶ κέρδει ‘for the benefit’, ἐπὶ ὠφελείᾳ ‘in the advantage’;
  • malefactive: ἐπὶ ζημίᾳ ‘at the expense’, ἐπὶ βλάβῃ ‘to the detriment’, ἐπὶ κακῷ ‘in the disadvantage’.
Example Sentences: 


ἄνδρ’ ὁρόω κρατερὼ ἐπὶ σοὶ μεμαῶτε μάχεσθαι

Ik zie twee krachtige mannen die ernaar streven tegen jou te vechten.



αὐτὸς δὲ ὀμόσαι θέλειν ἀδόλως εἰσιέναι εἰς τὰ τείχη καὶ ἐπ᾽ ἀγαθῷ τῶν δεχομένων

En zelf [stemde hij toe] om te zweren dat hij zonder listen hun wallen zou binnentreden, en wel in het voordeel van hen die hem binnengelaten hadden.