Prepositions with the genitive: that by which one swears

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ἀτὰρ σὺ τί θηρίον ποτ’ εἶ πρὸς τῶν θεῶν;

And what kind of an animal are you, by the gods?


The prepositions κατά and πρός with the genitive signal the person or object by which one swears an oath.

Translation tips

‘by’, ‘in the name of’

Example Sentences: 


ὀμνύντων τὸν ὅρκον κατὰ ἱερῶν τελείων

Laten zij de eed zweren bij volwassen offerdieren.



μὴ πρὸς Διὸς καὶ θεῶν, ἱκετεύω ὑμᾶς, ὦ ἄνδρες Αθηναῖοι, μὴ τρόπαιον ἵστατε ἀφ᾽ ὑμῶν αὐτῶν ἐν τῇ τοῦ Διονύσου ὀρχήστρᾳ

Nee, bij Zeus en de goden, ik smeek het u, heren Atheners, richt geen gedenkteken van jullie eigen nederlaag op in de orchestra van Dionysos.