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Prepositions with the genitive: time


ὥστ᾽ οὔτε νυκτὸς ὕπνον οὔτ᾽ ἐξ ἡμέρας | ἐμὲ στεγάζειν ἡδύν

‘’ (Soph. El. 780-781)

The preposition ἐπί with the genitive signals a point in time. Less frequent are ἐκ (poetic) and μετά (very rare).

Lexical usage

Some fixed expressions: ἐκ νυκτῶν ‘during the night watch’, ἐπὶ τῶν προγόνων ‘in the time of our ancestors’ etc.

Example Sentences: 

ἐπὶ τῶν προγόνων

in the time of our ancestors [provisional translation]

ἔξωθεν δὲ μετ’ ἀνοκωχῆς οὐ βεβαίου ἔβλαπτον ἀλλήλους τὰ μάλιστα

But from the outside, they harmed each other as much as they could during the unstable truce. [provisional translation]