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Prepositions with the dative: agent
ὑπὸ παιδοτρίβῃ ἀγαθῷ πεπαιδευμένος
‘trained by a good teacher’ (Plat. Lach. 184e)
The prepositions παρά and ὑπό with the dative signal an agent, at least in some authors.
Homer uses ὑπό with the dative in the same contexts as the dative of the agent, i.e. with a limited group of verbs, of which δάμνημι ‘to overpower’ is the most important. In an attempt to imitate Homer, later epic writers (such as Apollonius of Rhodes, Quintus or Nonnus) avoid the genitive with ὑπό and prefer the dative.