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Prepositions with the genitive: direction
ἐπὶ νηὸς ἔβαινε
‘He went on board.’ (Hom. Il. 13.665)
Some prepositions with the genitive signal a direction.
- ἐπί (towards, in the direction of)
- κατά (down from ..., down along ...
- πρός (to, up to);
- ὑπέρ (beyond, up to).
ὑπὲρ τῶν ἄκρων κατέβαινον
They descended over the peaks. [provisional translation]
ψῡχὴ κατὰ χθονὸς ᾤχετο
His soul descended down under the earth. [provisional translation]
ἡ δὲ Μιλησία ... ἐκφεύγει γυμνὴ πρὸς τῶν Ἑλλήνων
But the Milesian escaped naked to the Greeks. [provisional translation]