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Prepositions with the genitive: direction


ἐπὶ νηὸς ἔβαινε

‘He went on board.’ (Hom. Il. 13.665)

Some prepositions with the genitive signal a direction.

Lexical usage

- ἐπί (towards, in the direction of)
- κατά (down from ..., down along ... );
- πρός (to, up to);
- ὑπέρ (beyond, up to).

Example Sentences: 

ὑπὲρ τῶν ἄκρων κατέβαινον

They descended over the peaks. [provisional translation]

ψῡχὴ κατὰ χθονὸς ᾤχετο

His soul descended down under the earth. [provisional translation]

ἡ δὲ Μιλησία ... ἐκφεύγει γυμνὴ πρὸς τῶν Ἑλλήνων

But the Milesian escaped naked to the Greeks. [provisional translation]