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Prepositions with the dative: reference


ἦσαν ἐν Ὀλύνθῳ τῶν ἐν τοῖς πράγμασιν τινὲς μὲν Φιλίππου καὶ πάνθ᾽ ὑπηρετοῦντες ἐκείνῳ, τινὲς δὲ τοῦ βελτίστου καὶ ὅπως μὴ δουλεύσουσιν οἱ πολῖται πράττοντες

‘’ (Dem. 9.56)

The preposition ἐν with the dative signals a reference.

Lexical usage

Less frequent are ἀμφί (in poetry) and περί.

Example Sentences: 

ἐγὼ μὲν ἀμφὶ τοῖσδε καλχαίνων τέκνοις

I think about my children here. [provisional translation]