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Prepositions with the accusative: cause


διὰ γυναικῶν ὕβρεις πολλαὶ τυραννίδες ἀπολώλασιν.

‘Through the outrageous behaviour of women many tyrannies have been overthrown.’ (Aristot. Pol. 5.1314b)

The preposition διά with the accusative signals a cause.

Lexical usage

Less frequently one also finds ἀμφί, κατά, παρά, περί and πρός.

Translation tips

‘because of’, ‘on the basis of’, ‘thanks to’, ‘in the light of’

Example Sentences: 

συνήθης ἤδη μοί ἐστιν, ὦ Σώκρατες, διὰ τὸ πολλάκις δεῦρο φοιτᾶν

He is used to me, Socrates, because I come here so often. ֍

πολλοὺς ὁ πόλεμος δι’ ὀλίγους ἀπώλεσεν

War causes many to die for few. ֍

οἱ δὲ Κυρηναῖοι πρὸς τὴν καταλαβοῦσαν συμφορὴν ἔπεμπον ἐς Δέλφους

Considering the disaster that had befallen them, the Cyrenians sent [an embassy] to Delphi. ֍

Ἀριστοτέλην δὲ θαυμάζων ἐν ἀρχῇ καὶ ἀγαπῶν οὐχ ἧττον, ὡς αὐτὸς ἔλεγε, τοῦ πατρός, ὡς δι᾿ ἐκεῖνον μὲν ζῶν, διὰ τοῦτον δὲ καλῶς ζῶν

Aristotle he admired from the start and loved - as he said himself - no less than his father: it was thanks to the former than he lived, and thanks to the latter that he lived well.