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Prepositions with the accusative: goal
πέμπειν ἐπὶ κατασκοπήν
‘to send for the purpose ofexploring’ (Xen. Cyrop. 6.2.9)
The prepositions εἰς, ἐπί and πρός with the accusative signal a goal.
Less frequent are διά, κατά, μετά (in epic and late poetry) and περί.
What for? [provisional translation]
ὥστε οὐ μόνον πρὸς δόξαν ἀλλὰ καὶ εἰς χρημάτων λόγον λυσιτελεῖ μᾶλλον ὑμῖν ἀποψηφίσασθαι
Consequently, it is not only for your reputation but also for the calculation of your wealth that it is more profitable that you acquit us. [provisional translation]
παρὰ γὰρ τοῖσι Λυδοῖσι, σχεδὸν δὲ καὶ παρὰ τοῖσι ἄλλοισι βαρβάροισι, καὶ ἄνδρα ὀφθῆναι γυμνὸν ἐς αἰσχύνην μεγάλην φέρει.
For among the Lydians, as among many other barbarians, it is very shameful for a man to be seen naked.