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Prepositions with the accusative: goal


πέμπειν ἐπὶ κατασκοπήν

‘to send for the purpose ofexploring’ (Xen. Cyrop. 6.2.9)

The prepositions εἰς, ἐπί and πρός with the accusative signal a goal.

Lexical usage

Less frequent are διά, κατά, μετά (in epic and late poetry) and περί.

Example Sentences: 

πρὸς τί;

What for? [provisional translation]

κατὰ θέᾱν ἧκεν

He came to watch. [provisional translation] ֍

ὥστε οὐ μόνον πρὸς δόξαν ἀλλὰ καὶ εἰς χρημάτων λόγον λυσιτελεῖ μᾶλλον ὑμῖν ἀποψηφίσασθαι

Consequently, it is not only for your reputation but also for the calculation of your wealth that it is more profitable that you acquit us. [provisional translation]

παρὰ γὰρ τοῖσι Λυδοῖσι, σχεδὸν δὲ καὶ παρὰ τοῖσι ἄλλοισι βαρβάροισι, καὶ ἄνδρα ὀφθῆναι γυμνὸν ἐς αἰσχύνην μεγάλην φέρει.

For among the Lydians, as among many other barbarians, it is very shameful for a man to be seen naked.