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Prepositions with the accusative: place


καὶ τὸ μὲν πρῶτον ἐμάχοντο ταῖς σαρίσαις ὑπὸ γῆν.

‘First they fought under the ground with their lances.’ (Plb. )

A number of prepositions with the accusative signal a specific place.

Lexical usage

TBX - ἀμφί (around ); - παρά (next to, beside);
- ἀνά (above, on); - περί (around; in the proximity of);
- ἐπί (in, spread over); - πρός (past);
- κατά (on; at the height of, opposite); - ὑπέρ (over, past); [Hom.]
- μετά (between); [after Hom. only figuratively] - ὑπό (at the foot of; nearby).

Example Sentences: 

ἐκεῖνος μὲν οὖν εὐθὺς ἐκ τῆς πόλεως ᾤχετ᾿ ἀπιών, καὶ περὶ Ῥόδον καὶ Ἰωνίαν σοφιστεύων κατεβίωσε.

So [Aeschines] immediately left the city and spent the rest of his life as an instructor of rhetoric in Rhodes and Ionia.

καὶ τάδε μὲν ἀμφὶ τὴν ἀκρόπολιν ὀλίγον ὕστερον ἐγένετο

And these events occurred a little later around the Fortress.

ἡ δὲ Ἄμβροσσος κεῖται μὲν ὑπὸ τὸ ὄρος τὸν Παρνασσόν.

Ambrassus lies at the foot of mount Parnassus. ֍

ὁρᾷ παρὰ τὴν ὁδὸν σπήλαιον βαθὺ καὶ κοῖλον.

At the side of the road he saw a deep, hollow cave. ֍