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Prepositions with the accusative: duration


νῦν δʼ, εἰ μένειν δεῖ, μίμνʼ ἐφʼ ἡμέραν μίαν

‘Now, if it is necessary, stay another day.’ (Eur. Med. )

The prepositions ἐπί and παρά with the accusative signal a duration.

Lexical usage

Less frequent are ἀμφί, ἀνά, διά (in poetry), εἰς, κατά and ὑπό.

Example Sentences: 

κτῆμά τε ἐς αἰεὶ μᾶλλον ἢ ἀγώνισμα ἐς τὸ παραχρῆμα ἀκούειν ξύγκειται

This work was composed as an eternal inheritance rather than as an essay to listen to at the present moment. ֍

οὗτος μὲν οὖν ὁ πόλεμος διέμεινεν ἐπὶ ἔτη εἴκοσι ἑπτά

So this war lasted for twenty-seven years. ֍

ἐγὼ νομίζω πάντας ἀνθρώπους ἐράνους φέρειν παρὰ πάντα τὸν βίον αὑτοῖς

I am of the opinion that all people pay contributions during their lifetime for their own good. ֍

Λογγῖνος δὲ κατὰ τὸν χρόνον ἐκεῖνον βιβλιοθήκη τις ἦν ἔμψυχος καὶ περιπατοῦν μουσεῖον

At that time Longinus was a kind of living library and a walking museum. ֍