Prepositions with the accusative: manner

studieniveau: 
3
Filters


ἡ εὐδαιμονία ἄρ᾿ ἂν εἴη ἐν τῷ κατὰ τὰς ἀρετὰς ζῆν

Het geluk zou erin bestaan volgens de deugd te leven.

Aristoteles, 1.4.3


The prepositions ἀνά, κατά and παρά with the accusative signal a manner. Less frequent are ἀμφί, διά, εἰς, περί and πρός.

Lexical usage

Idiomatic expressions:

  • εἰς in idioms expressing intensity or degree (εἰς καλόν ‘at the right moment’, εἰς δέον ‘rightly’, εἰς τάχος ‘quickly’, εἰς δύναμιν ‘to the best of one's ability’);
  • καθ’ ἡσυχίαν ‘in silence’, κατὰ κράτος ‘with all one's might, with all their strength’, κατ' ἐμέ ‘in my opinion’;
  • παρά … ‘counter to … ’;
  • πρὸς βίαν (= βιαίως) ‘with force’, πρὸς ὀργήν ‘full of anger, angrily’.


The preposition εἰς expresses manner in idiomatic expressions of intensity or degree.

Translation tips

παρά 'counter to... , against'

Example Sentences: 


ἐὰν δὲ ἄλλως τις περὶ τὰ τοιαῦτα πράττῃ παρὰ τὸν νόμον τόνδε

Maar anderzijds, als iemand op zulke manieren tegen deze wet in handelt...



ἀείδετο δὲ πὰν τέμενος ... τὸν ἐγκώμιον ἀμφὶ τρόπον

Hij bezong heel het heiligdom op een lovende manier.



μηδαμῶς πρὸς βίαν βουληθῇς μᾶλλον ἢ ἑκὼν λέγειν

Je zou zeker niet liever onder dwang dan vrijwillig spreken.



ἀλλ᾽ εἰς τὸ κέρδος παρὰ φύσιν δουλευτέον

Nee, wij moeten tegen de natuur in voor winst zwoegen.