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Prepositions with the accusative: manner


ἡ εὐδαιμονία ἄρ᾿ ἂν εἴη ἐν τῷ κατὰ τὰς ἀρετὰς ζῆν

‘Pleasure would consist in living in accordance with virtue.’ (Aristot. Eth. Mag. 1.4.3)

The prepositions ἀνά, κατά and παρά with the accusative signal a manner.

Lexical usage

Less frequent are ἀμφί, διά, εἰς, περί and πρός.
Idiomatic expressions:

  • εἰς in idioms expressing intensity or degree (εἰς καλόν ‘at the right moment’, εἰς δέον ‘rightly’, εἰς τάχος ‘quickly’, εἰς δύναμιν ‘to the best of one's ability’);
  • καθ’ ἡσυχίαν ‘in silence’, κατὰ κράτος ‘with all one's might, with all their strength’, κατ' ἐμέ ‘in my opinion’;
  • παρά … ‘counter to … ’;
  • πρὸς βίαν (= βιαίως) ‘with force’, πρὸς ὀργήν ‘full of anger, angrily’.
Example Sentences: 

ἀλλ᾽ εἰς τὸ κέρδος παρὰ φύσιν δουλευτέον

No, we must toil against nature for profit. ֍

πολλοῖς δ' εἶναι φίλον κατὰ τὴν τελείαν φιλίαν οὐκ ἐνδέχεται

It is impossible to be friends with many people in the way perfect friendship requires. ֍

ὁμοίως δὲ καὶ δικασταὶ καὶ ἄρχοντες ἀνὰ λόγον ταῖς ψήφοις ἐξ ἑκάστης προχειρίζονται πόλεως

In the same way judges and magistrates were chosen in proportion to the votes from each city. ֍

διὰ τί ὑπίδηταί τις τὴν πάντων μεταβολὴν καὶ διάλυσιν; κατὰ φύσιν γάρ· οὐδὲν δὲ κακὸν κατὰ φύσιν

Why should anyone distrust change and dissolution? For it occurs by nature, and nature harbours no evil.