You are here
Prepositions with the accusative: beneficiary/malefactive
πρὸς υἱὸν ὀργὴν οὐκ ἔχει χρηστὸς πατήρ
‘A good father harbours no anger against his son.’ (Men. Mon. 451)
Prepositions with the accusative, especially εἰς and πρός, signal a beneficiary or malefactive.
The preposition πρός 'against' mostly occurs with verbs of fighting. The context must determine whether the prepositional phrase with πρός is a beneficiary or a malefactive.
Less frequent are διά, ἐπί and ὑπέρ.
ἐν τῇ ὦν παρελθούσῃ εὐεστοῖ ὁ Κροῖσος τὸ πᾶν ἐς αὐτὸν ἐπεποιήκεε
During his past prosperity Croisus had done everything for him.