Dative: beneficiary or malefactive as adjective complement

studieniveau: 
1

The dative signals a beneficiary or malefactive as a complement with adjectives.

Lexical usage

Beneficiary

ἔνοχος ‘subject (to), liable (to)’, εὐμένης, εὔνους ‘benevolent, well-disposed’, κατήκοος ‘obedient’, πιστός ‘faithful’, ὑπήκοος ‘obedient (to), subject (to)’, φίλος ‘friends (with)’, χρήσιμος ‘useful, suitable’, ὠφέλιμος ‘useful’ etc.

Malefactive

ἀντίπαλος ‘opposed’, ἐναντίος ‘opposite, hostile, opposed’, ἐχθρός ‘hostile’, πολέμιος ‘hostile’ etc.

Example Sentences: