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Genitive absolute: condition as a satellite

Syntactical Level

ὡς ἡδὺ τὸ ζῆν μὴ φθονούσης τῆς τύχης

‘How pleasant it is to be alive when fate bears no malice.’ (Men. Mon. 563)

The genitive absolute, often preceded by the negation μή, signals a condition as a satellite. The subject of the genitive absolute is never the same as that of the main clause (so coreferential situations are impossible).

Example Sentences: 

οἴνου δὲ μηκέτ’ ὄντος οὐκ ἔστι Κύπρις

οὐδ’ ἄλλο τερπνὸν οὐδὲν ἀνθρώποις ἔτι

If there is no more wine, the men have no more Cypris (i.e. love) nor any other pleasure. ֍

θνητῶν γὰρ οὐδείς ἐστιν εὐδαίμων ἀνήρ· ὄλβου δ᾽ ἐπιρρυέντος εὐτυχέστερος ἄλλου γένοιτ᾽ ἂν ἄλλος, εὐδαίμων δ᾽ ἂν οὔ

No mortal is a happy man. In an abundance of prosperity the one might be more fortunate than the other, but he would not be happy. ֍

γυναικὶ μὴ μάχεσθαι μηδὲ ἄγαν φρονεῖν ἀλλοτρίων παρόντων· τὸ μὲν γὰρ ἄνοιαν, τὸ δὲ μανίαν δύναται παρέχειν

Do not argue with your spouse, nor show her too much affection in the presence of others. The former can give rise to folly, the latter to madness.

ἐμοῦ μὴ γενομένης, ποῦ ἂν σὺ ἦσθα;

If I had not existed, where would you be?