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Participle: condition as agreeing satellite

Syntactical Level

λίαν φιλῶν σεαυτὸν οὐχ ἕξεις φίλον

‘If you love yourself too much you will have no friends.’ (Men. Mon. 310)

The participle, where relevant preceded by the negation μή, signals a condition as a satellite agreeing with another constituent.

Example Sentences: 

- καὶ μὴν ἁμαρτήσῃ γε μὴ δράσας τάδε. - καὶ δρῶν γε λύπῃ καρδίαν δηχθήσομαι.

- And yet you err if you do not do it.

And if I do it, my heart will be consumed by regret.

δόξει τις ἀμαθεῖ σοφὰ λέγων οὐκ εὖ φρονεῖν

Anyone who tells wise things to an uneducated person will give the impression that he is not of sound mind. ֍

πίνων, μὴ πολλὰ λάλει· ἁμαρτήσῃ γάρ

Do not talk (too) much while you drink; for you will say something stupid.

ὄρνιθες λουόμενοι μὴ ἐν ὕδατι βιοῦντες ὕδωρ ἢ χειμῶνας σημαίνουσι.

When birds which do not live in water bathe, they are an omen of rain or a storm. ֍