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Infinitive: result or property as (agreeing) argument


The infinitive can function as an agreeing constituent:

  • with the subject (e.g. with καλέομαι ‘to be called’, νομίζομαι ‘to be regarded as’);
  • with the first object (e.g. with καλέω ‘to call’).

Syntactic usage

It goes without saying that the infinitive is a nominative in the first case and an accusative in the second, although this is not morphologically apparent.

Example Sentences: 

νόμος “ὅστις δὲ ἀπίλλει τῇ θύρᾳ, ἔνδον τοῦ κλέπτου ὄντος.” — τὸ ἀπίλλειν τοῦτο ἀποκλείειν νομίζεται, καὶ μηδὲν διὰ τοῦτο διαφέρου

Legal text: Whoever obstructs the way with the door, when the thief is inside... - By this blocking the road is meant closing, no discussion about it. [provisional translation]

διὰ ταῦτα δὴ νόμῳ μὲν τοῦτο ἄδικον καὶ αἰσχρὸν λέγεται, τὸ πλέον ζητεῖν ἔχειν τῶν πολλῶν, καὶ ἀδικεῖν αὐτὸ καλοῦσιν

And therefore it is called by law unjust and disgraceful, striving to have more than the mass, and [therefore] it is called injustice. [provisional translation]