Optative in main clause with or without ἄν: weak command (negated: weak prohibition)


The optative, usually in the present, signals a polite request in dialogues or a regulation in non-Attic legal texts. With ἄν the optative has a stronger, commanding force.

Translation tips

Like other potential optatives this usage can be translated with the auxiliary 'would'. In English the future-in-the-past is also used for a polite request.

Example Sentences: