Subjunctive in main clause: hortation in the first person


The subjunctive in the main clause signals a command or prohibition in the first person, usually in the plural.

Translation tips

The translation usually contains let us....

Syntactic behaviour

The subjunctive is used instead of the first person imperative, which does not exist. This may be regarded as a form of suppletion. Both the present and the aorist stem occur.

Introductory words

In the plural the hortatory subjunctive is sometimes preceded by ἄγε, ἄγετε, δεῦρο, δεῦτε, ἔα, εἰ δ᾽ ἄγε, ἴθι (δή) or φέρε. Homer also uses ἄγε (δή) ‘come on’.
Unless a negation precedes it, a singular hortation is preceded by ἄγε (δή) or φέρε (δή), or by a different command.

Example Sentences: 

φέρε δὴ καὶ μαρτυρίαν παράσχωμαι ὑμῖν δι’ ἀπορρήτου μὲν γεγενημένην

Let me also bring you a piece of evidence which I was given in secret.