Indicative in main clause without ἄν: neutral modality


The indicative without ἄν signals a neutral modality in the main verb, i.e. that the speaker represents the action as real or generally valid. Whether or not the event actually took place is of no importance.

Syntactic behaviour

In a main clause (or apodosis) accompanied by a conditional clause (or protasis) the force of the indicative is neutral: it does not explicitly state that the state of affairs actually takes place.

Example Sentences: