Nominative: agent as subject - transitive

Filters


ἀεὶ Λιβύη φέρει τι καινόν

Libië (of: Afrika) brengt altijd iets nieuws.

Aristoteles, Geschiedenis van de dieren 8.28.7


The nominative signals the macrorole of agent (or experiencer) as a subject with transitive verbs in the active or medial diathesis.

Lexical usage

The semantic role of the subject depends on the meaning of the verb. Semantic roles include

  • acting (e.g. ποιέω 'to do', λαμβάνω 'to take');
  • possessing (e.g. ἔχω 'to have, keep');
  • experiencing (e.g. γελάω 'to laugh', νοέω 'to think', );
  • receiving (e.g. δέχομαι 'to receive', ξενίζω 'to receive someone as a guest' or μισθόομαι 'to hire');
  • causative (φοβέω 'frighten').
Example Sentences: 


οἱ θεοὶ οὐκ ἀποδέχονται τὰς πολυτελεῖς ταυτασὶ πομπάς τε καὶ θυσίας

De goden aanvaarden die dure optochten en offers niet.



ἄν τέ τις φόβος ταράττῃ ...

En als enige angst hem verstoort...



χωρεῖτ᾽, ὀπαδοί, καὶ παρελθόντες δόμους | σίτων μέλεσθε

Ga erheen, dienaars, en wanneer jullie het paleis binnenkomen, hou jullie met de maaltijd bezig.