Genitive: source as adjective complement

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The genitive signals a source as a complement with an adjective.

Lexical usage

Adjectives of motion or separation

{to remove, to rob, to give way, to originate from etc.} ἁγνός ‘pure’, γυμνός ‘naked’, ἐλεύθερος ‘free’, ἐνδεής, ἐλλιπής, ἐπιδεής ‘needy’, ἔρημος ‘desolate’, κενός ‘empty’, μόνος ‘only’, ὀρφανός ‘bereft’ etc.

Compounds with a privative alpha

{where the genitive is often accompanied by an attributive adjective} ἄπαστος ‘fasting’, ἄπειρος ‘inexperienced’, ἄψαυστος ‘untouched’ etc.

Example Sentences: 


οὐκοῦν καὶ οἱ τοῦτο παραβαίνοντες δίκην διδόασι, φίλων μὲν ἀγαθῶν ἔρημοι γιγνόμενοι;

Worden de mensen die die [wet] overtreden, dan niet gestraft, doordat ze goede vrienden gaan verliezen?



τὰ δ’ ἅρματα ἐφέροντο τὰ μὲν δι’ αὐτῶν τῶν πολεμίων, τὰ δὲ καὶ διὰ τῶν Ἑλλήνων κενὰ ἡνιόχων

Wat de strijdwagens [van de vijanden] betreft, sommige ervan stortten zich doorheen de vijandelijke linies, maar andere stortten zich zonder wagenmenner doorheen de linies van de Grieken.