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Nominative: result or property as (agreeing) argument
καὶ μέγας Ἀντίοχος ἀπὸ τοῦδε κληθείς
‘And for this reason he was called Antiochus the Great.’ (App. Syr. 1)
The nominative signals a result or property as an argument, agreeing with the subject.
With verbs such as αἱρέομαι ‘to be chosen as’, ὀνομάζομαι ‘to be called’ etc.
Not only with the (passive) verbs νομίζομαι, ποιέομαι, τίθεμαι ‘to be regarded as’, but also with verbs such as φαίνομαι ‘to appear’.
In many cases this involves passive constructions in which the agreeing object is put in the nominative, just like the ‘original’ object, which has been converted to the subject. For example, the sentence ὁ Βάκχιος θεὸς νομίζεται ‘Bacchios is regarded as a god’ can be considered a passivisation of τὸν Βάκχιον θεὸν νομίζω ‘I regard Bacchios as a god’.
ὁ Βάκχιος δὲ τίς; θεὸς νομίζεται;
Who is Bacchus? Is he regarded as a god?
ᾑρέθη πρεσβευτὴς εἰς Λακεδαίμονα
He was chosen as the diplomat to Sparta.
οἱ δὲ Καππαδόκαι ὑπὸ Ἑλλήνων Σύριοι ὀνομάζονται.
The Cappadocians are called Syrians by the Greeks.
καὶ μὴν τό γε τοὺς πολίτας ἀποκτεινύναι μέγιστον ἀσέβημα τίθεται καὶ μεγίστων ἄξιον --->προστίμω.
NO DUTCH TRANSLATION [provisional translation]