Genitive: exclamation (cause)


The genitive signals an exclamation, usually preceded by an interjection.

Lexical usage

Common interjections include φεῦ and οἴμοι ‘alas!’.

Syntactic behaviour

In tragedy the genitive after οἴμοι or ὤμοι ‘alas!’ refers to the second or third person. For the first person the nominative is used.
According to most grammars (including Rijksbaron and others 2003) this genitive has a causative role.

Example Sentences: 

φεῦ τοῦ ἀνδρός

O, wat een man!

ὦ Ζεῦ βασιλεῦ, τοῦ φθέγματος τοὐρνιθίου

Koning Zeus, wat een vogelgezang!

φεῦ φεῦ τῶν Ἄργει μόχθων

Alas, alas for the sufferings of Argos!