You are here

Dative: property or manner

Syntactical Level

ἡ δὲ δίκην ἐπεκάθητο τῷ ταύρῳ πλεούσης νεώς, ὥσπερ ἱστίῳ τῷ πέπλῳ χρωμένη.

‘Thus she sat on the bull as if on a sailing ship; she used her robe as a sail.’ (Ach. Tat. 1.12)

The dative signals a property or means as an object agreeing with another object.

Lexical usage

This especially concerns verbs such as χράομαί (τινί) τινί ‘to use (something) as...’.

Example Sentences: 

διὰ γὰρ τὴν πονηρίαν αὐτοῦ οὔτε φίλῳ οὔτε ἐχθρῷ πώποτε ἐχρησάμην αὐτῷ

Because of his wickedness, I never dealt with him, neither as a friend nor as an enemy. [provisional translation]

παρῆν δὲ καὶ Αἴσωπος ὁ Φρύξ· τούτῳ δὲ ὅσα καὶ γελωτοποιῷ χρῶνται

Aesop the Phrygian was there too; they even use him as a jester.