Dative: manner as satellite

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παντὶ τρόπῳ ἄμεινόν ἐστιν δίκαιον εἶναι ἢ ἄδικον

In elk geval is het beter rechtvaardig te zijn dan onrechtvaardig.


The dative signals a manner as a satellite.

Lexical usage

Many datives of manner are almost adverbs:
TBX τῇ ἀληθείᾳ 'in reality'
βίᾳ 'with force, against one's will'
δημοσίᾳ καὶ ἰδίᾳ 'in public and in private' (publice et privatim)
δίκῃ 'rightly'
δόλῳ 'cunningly'
(τῷ) ἔργῳ 'indeed'
ἡσυχῇ 'calmly, quietly'
κομιδῇ 'wholly, definitely'
κόσμῳ 'in an orderly way'
κύκλῳ 'round about'
(τῷ) λόγῳ 'in word'
τῷ ὄντι 'indeed'
ὀργῇ 'angrily'
προφάσει 'ostensibly'
σῑγῇ, σιωπῇ 'in silence'
σπουδῇ 'hastily; diligently'
φυγῇ 'in flight'

Syntactic behaviour

This dative is usually accompanied by a quantifying modifier.

Example Sentences: 


καὶ πολλοὶ ἀπέθανον αὐτῶν, ἀτάκτως καὶ οὐδενὶ κόσμῳ προσπίπτοντες

En velen van hen sneuvelden, toen ze ongeregeld en zonder enige orde aanvielen.



τὸ μὲν γὰρ πλῆθος πολὺ καὶ κραυγῇ πολλῇ ἐπίασιν

Want de menigte [van vijanden] zal in groten getale en onder luid geschreeuw aanvallen.