You are here

Dative: manner as satellite

Syntactical Level

παντὶ τρόπῳ ἄμεινόν ἐστιν δίκαιον εἶναι ἢ ἄδικον

‘It is certainly better to be righteous than unrighteous.’ (Plat. Rep. 357b)

The dative signals a manner as a satellite.

Lexical usage

Many datives of manner are almost adverbs:
TBX τῇ ἀληθείᾳ 'in reality'
βίᾳ 'with force, against one's will'
δημοσίᾳ καὶ ἰδίᾳ 'in public and in private' (publice et privatim)
δίκῃ 'rightly'
δόλῳ 'cunningly'
(τῷ) ἔργῳ 'indeed'
ἡσυχῇ 'calmly, quietly'
κομιδῇ 'wholly, definitely'
κόσμῳ 'in an orderly way'
κύκλῳ 'round about'
(τῷ) λόγῳ 'in word'
τῷ ὄντι 'indeed'
ὀργῇ 'angrily'
προφάσει 'ostensibly'
σῑγῇ, σιωπῇ 'in silence'
σπουδῇ 'hastily; diligently'
φυγῇ 'in flight'

Syntactic usage

This dative is usually accompanied by a quantifying modifier.

Example Sentences: 

δημοσίᾳ γὰρ ἵνα ταφῶμεν,

φήσομεν πρὸς τοὺς στρατηγοὺς

μαχομένω τοῖς πολεμίοισιν

βοῇ γὰρ ὡς τἆλλα καὶ τοὺς ἁμιλλωμένους ἔκρινον

As with other events they judged the competitors by shouting.

σιωπῇ ἐδείπνουν.

They ate in silence.

κατὰ σπουδὴν καὶ πολλῷ θορύβῳ ταῖς μὲν ναυσὶν ἐπὶ τὴν Σαλαμῖνα ἔπλεον.

Hastily and with much noise they sailed their ships to Salamis. ֍