Dative: instrument as satellite

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δικτύῳ ἄνεμον θηρᾷς

Jij jaagt met een net op de wind.

Zenobios de sofist, Samenvatting van collecties 3.17


The dative signals an instrument or tool as a satellite.

Lexical usage

Usually the word in the dative is a concrete instrument, such as a tool, a weapon, a vehicle, a part of the body, etc. For linguistic purposes slaves and animals are regarded as a type of instrument.
Less frequently non-manipulable concrete and abstract nouns can be marked as instruments.

Example Sentences: 


ὁ δὲ Σωκράτης ἀνακαθιζόμενος εἰς τὴν κλίνην συνέκαμψέ τε τὸ σκέλος καὶ ἐξέτριψε τῇ χειρί

Sokrates ging op het bed zitten, boog zijn been en wreef met zijn hand.



τοὺς μὲν παῖδας ἀστραγάλοις καὶ σφαίραις ἐξαπατᾶν δεῖ, τοὺς δὲ ἄνδρας ὅρκοις καὶ ῥήμασιν

Jongens moet je met bikkels en ballen uit hun lood slaan, maar mannen met eden en woorden.



οἱ τράγοι τοῖς κέρασι παίουσι μαχόμενοι

Playfully the rams fight with their horns.