Dative: experiencer as disjunct

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The dative form of a personal pronoun in the first or second person (μοι, ἡμῖν, σοι [or τοί], ὑμῖν) signals an experiencer as a disjunct.

Lexical usage

The speaker assumes that the person in question takes an interest in the state of affairs.

Translation tips

Usually it is better not to translate the so-called ethical dative.

Syntactic behaviour

The so-called ethical dative also occurs in the third person (οἱ, αὐτῷ, αὐτῇ etc.), but this is very rare.

Example Sentences: 


τοιοῦτο ῡ̒μῖν ἐστι ἡ τυραννίς

Kijk, dat is nu tirannie.



τυφλός εἰμί σοι

Ik ben verdorie blind!