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Dative: beneficiary or malefactive as satellite


τοῖς ἑαυτοῦ πρᾷος ἴσθι

‘Be mild towards your relatives.’ (Solon )

The dative signals a beneficiary or malefactive as a satellite with verbs which have no sense of advantage or disadvantage.

Example Sentences: 

γυνὴ γὰρ οἴκῳ πῆμα καὶ σωτηρία

For a woman is disaster and salvation for the house. ֍

ἄμεινον γὰρ ἑαυτῷ φυλάττειν τὴν ἐλευθερίαν τοῦ ἑτέρων ἀφαιρεῖσθαι

For it is better to guard one's own freedom than to deprive another of his. ֍

ηὔχοντο αὐτῷ πολλὰ καὶ ἀγαθά

[The soldiers] prayed that good things would befall him.

οὗτός (sc. Ἀνάχαρσις) ποτε πρός τινος ὀνειδιζόμενος ὅτι βάρβαρος εἴη καὶ Σκύθης “ἐμοὶ μέν,” εἶπεν, “ἡ πατρὶς ὄνειδος, σὺ δὲ τῇ πατρίδι”.

When that man (i.e. Anacharisis) was once insulted by someone because he was a barbarian and a Scythian, he replied: My fatherland may be an insult to me, but you are [an insult] to your fatherland.