Dative: receiver as second object

Syntactical Level

The dative signals a receiver as a second object, with predicates expressing delivery or communication.

Lexical usage

Verbs of delivery

δίδωμι ‘to give (to)’, ἐπιτρέπω ‘to entrust (to)’, πέμπω ‘to send (to)’, προσφέρω ‘to carry (to)’ etc.

Verbs of communication

ἐπιτάττω ‘to impose (a task) on’, κελεύω [Hom. + dat.; Att. + acc.] ‘to impose (a command) on’, πιστεύω ‘to entrust (something) as a task to’ etc.

Syntactic behaviour

Both the first object (inanimate, in the accusative) and the second object (animate, in the dative) can be used in the nominative as subject of a passive construction.

Other information

In the traditional terminology a receiving (second) object is generally referred to as an indirect object.

Example Sentences: 

ἀλλ’ οὔ πως ἅμα πάντα θεοὶ δόσαν ἀνθρώποισιν

Edoch, de goden geven niet alles tegelijk aan de mensen.