Dative: time as satellite

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Κορίνθιοι περιιόντι τῷ θέρει πέμψαντες ναῦς καὶ στρατιάν

Nadat de Korinthiërs aan het einde van de zomer schepen en een leger gestuurd hadden...


The dative signals a point in time as a satellite.

Lexical usage

The word in the dative can be:

  • a lexeme indicating time (e.g. ἡμέρᾳ ‘on the day’, ἔτει ‘in the year’);
  • an annual festival (e.g. Παναθηναίοις ‘during the Panathenaea’).

Syntactic behaviour

The dative, usually accompanied by a modifier, can be placed in coordination with other expressions of time.

Example Sentences: 


τῷ δὲ πέμπτῳ καὶ δεκάτῳ ἔτει ... μετὰ τὴν ἐν Ποτειδαίᾳ μάχην μηνὶ ἕκτῳ καὶ ἅμα ἦρι ἀρχομένῳ Θηβαίων ἄνδρες... ἐσῆλθον... ξὺν ὅπλοις ἐς Πλάταιαν τῆς Βοιωτίας

In het vijftiende jaar [van de wapenstilstand] ... vijf maanden na de Slag bij Potidaia, bij het begin van de lente, trokken Thebaanse mannen gewapend naar Plataia in Boiotië.



Ὀλυμπίασιν, ἡνίκ᾽ ἐθεώρουν ἐγώ, | Ἐφουδίων ἐμαχέσατ᾽ Ἀσκώνδᾳ καλῶς | ἤδη γέρων ὤν

When I was watching the Olympic games, Ephoudion, although he was already old, was bravely fighting Askondas.