Dative: time as satellite

Syntactical Level

Κορίνθιοι περιιόντι τῷ θέρει πέμψαντες ναῦς καὶ στρατιάν

Nadat de Korinthiërs aan het einde van de zomer schepen en een leger gestuurd hadden...

The dative signals a point in time as a satellite.

Lexical usage

The word in the dative can be:

  • a lexeme indicating time (e.g. ἡμέρᾳ ‘on the day’, ἔτει ‘in the year’);
  • an annual festival (e.g. Παναθηναίοις ‘during the Panathenaea’).

Syntactic behaviour

The dative, usually accompanied by a modifier, can be placed in coordination with other expressions of time.

Example Sentences: 

τῷ δὲ πέμπτῳ καὶ δεκάτῳ ἔτει ... μετὰ τὴν ἐν Ποτειδαίᾳ μάχην μηνὶ ἕκτῳ καὶ ἅμα ἦρι ἀρχομένῳ Θηβαίων ἄνδρες... ἐσῆλθον... ξὺν ὅπλοις ἐς Πλάταιαν τῆς Βοιωτίας

In het vijftiende jaar [van de wapenstilstand] ... vijf maanden na de Slag bij Potidaia, bij het begin van de lente, trokken Thebaanse mannen gewapend naar Plataia in Boiotië.

Ὀλυμπίασιν, ἡνίκ᾽ ἐθεώρουν ἐγώ, | Ἐφουδίων ἐμαχέσατ᾽ Ἀσκώνδᾳ καλῶς | ἤδη γέρων ὤν

When I was watching the Olympic games, Ephoudion, although he was already old, was bravely fighting Askondas.