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Dative: direction as object
ὁ γὰρ παλαιὸς λόγος εὖ ἔχει, ὡς ὅμοιον ὁμοίῳ ἀεὶ πελάζει
‘’ (Plat. Sym. 195b)
The dative signals a direction as an object with verbs of motion, particularly in poetry.
In contrast with the accusative the dative always expresses a limited, brief movement.
In prose the word in the dative is usually animate, adding to the plausibility of analysing this dative as a dative of interest.
ἐπεὶ δὲ ἀπήντησαν αὐτοῖς οἱ τῶν Ἑλλήνων στρατηγοί, ἔλεγε πρῶτος Τισσαφέρνης δι’ ἑρμηνέως τοιάδε
And when the generals of the Greeks met them, Tissaphernes was the first to say the following through an interpreter... [provisional translation]