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Genitive: property as (agreeing) object


ἐμὲ μὲν οὖν, ἔφη, γράφε τῶν ἱππεύειν ὑπερεπιθῡμούντων

‘’ (Xen. Cyrop. 4.3.21)

The genitive, often a substantivally used participle, signals a property as an object agreeing with another object.

Lexical usage

This genitive is used with a number of verbs which take an object in the genitive, and sometimes also with verbs which normally take an agreeing constituent in the nominative or the accusative.

Example Sentences: 

μηδείς με φαύλην κἀσθενῆ νομιζέτω μηδ᾽ ἡσυχαίαν, ἀλλὰ θατέρου τρόπου

Let no one regard me as bad, weak or calm, but rather as of a different nature. [provisional translation]

εἰ δέ τινες τὴν Ἀσίᾱν ἑαυτῶν ποιοῦνται, πρὸς τοὺς ἐλευθεροῦντας διακρινουμένους ἐν ὅπλοις παρεῖναι

But if someone claims Asia for himself, his answer to the liberators consists in arms. [provisional translation]

θαυμάζω δέ, ὦ ἄνδρες δικασταί, εἴ τις ἀξιοῖ, ἐὰν μέν τις προσιόντων τῶν πολεμίων τῆς πρώτης τάξεως τεταγμένος τῆς δευτέρας γένηται, τούτου μὲν δειλίαν καταψηφίζεσθαι, ἐὰν δέ τις ἐν τοῖς ὁπλίταις τεταγμένος ἐν τοῖς ἱππεῦσιν ἀναφανῇ, τούτῳ συγγνώμην ἔχειν

It surprises me, Judges, if anyone thinks it is right that, when a man classified in the first line, when approaching the enemy, walks over to the second, that man is condemned for cowardice, but that, when a man classified with the hoplites appears with the horsemen, that man is forgiven! [provisional translation]