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Genitive: material/contents as object

Syntactical Level

δακρύων ἐμπίμπλανταί μου οἱ ὀφθαλμοί

‘My eyes filled with tears.’ (Pl. Ion 535c)

The genitive signals a material or contents as a first or second object with verbs of ‘filling’ or ‘being full’, sometimes interchangeably with the dative (of instrument).

Lexical usage

Verbs of filling

ἀναπίμπλημι ‘to fill up (with)’, γεμίζω, (ἐμ)πίμπλημι, μεστόω, πληρόω ‘to fill (with)’, σάττω ‘to stuff full (of)’ etc.

Verbs of being full

γέμω ‘to be full (of)’, εὐπορέω ‘to have plenty (of)’, μεθύω ‘to be drunk (with)’, πλήθω ‘to be full (of)’, πλουτέω ‘to be rich (with)’, ῥέω ‘to overflow (with)’, στάζω ‘to drip (with)’ etc.

Example Sentences: 

καὶ ὁ μὲν δῆμος τροφῆς εὐπορήσει, οἱ δὲ πλούσιοι τῆς εἰς τὸν πόλεμον δαπάνης ἀπαλλαγήσονται

And the people will have food in abundance, but the rich will be freed from expenses of war. [provisional translation]

πᾶν τὸ στρατόπεδον ἐνέπλησε θορύβου καὶ ταραχῆς

[His arrival] filled the whole army with tumult and confusion. ֍

ἐνέπλησε θυμοῦ καὶ φρονήματος τὴν σύγκλητον, ὥστε θάνατον καταψηφίσασθαι τῶν ἀνδρῶν.

Cato filled the senate with anger and alarm. As a consequence the men were condemned to death. ֍

ἡμεῖς δ’ αὖ διὰ παντὸς τοῦ βίου ἀεὶ γέμομεν ἐλπίδων;

Are we always full of hope our whole life long?