Article/zero-morpheme: genericity of the nominal phrase


The article optionally signals the generic nature of the nominal phrase, both in the singular and in the plural.

Translation tips

English makes a formal distinction between generic and catagorial

Example Sentences: 


θαυμάζω δ’ ὑμῶν, ὦ ἄνδρες Ἀθηναῖοι, κἀκεῖνο, εἰ τοὺς μὲν πορνοβοσκοὺς μισεῖτε, τοὺς δ’ ἑκόντας πεπορνευμένους ἀφήσετε

I am also surprised, men of Athens, that, if you hate brothel-keepers, you free those who have been willing prostitutes.



ἐν μὲν γὰρ τῷ ῥᾳθυμεῖν καὶ τὰς πλησμονὰς ἀγαπᾶν εὐθὺς αἱ λῦπαι ταῖς ἡδοναῖς παραπεπήγασι

For in indolence and love of satiety sorrow is soon intwined with pleasure.