result

Result is the semantic role assigned to the newly introduced, inanimate entity which is effected by the state of affairs, yet not explicitly intended.

The participle, usually accompanied by ὥστε, signals a result as a satellite agreeing with an argument.

The infinitive, preceded by οἷος or ὅσος, signals a result as a satellite. This also applies to οἷός τε.

The infinitive, introduced by ἐφ᾽ ᾧ or ἐφ᾽ ᾧτε, signals a restrictive condition, and sometimes also a restrictive goal or result, as a satellite.

The infinitive, preceded by ὥστε (sometimes ὡς), signals a possible result as a satellite.

A subordinate clause with the moods of the main clause, introduced by ὥστε (sometimes ὡς), signals a result as a satellite.
By using a finite subordinate clause, the speaker represents the result as a fact. The indicative is not the only mood to be used: the optative with ἄν expresses a possible result, the secondary indicative with ἄν a counterfactual result.

The conjunction ὥστε can introduce a main clause of the imperative or interrogative type. In that case ὥστε acts as an adverb and is best translated as ‘consequently’, ‘so’ or ‘thus’.

The dynamic infinitive signals a patient as a subject or object with verbs of wanting, being able and intending.

The infinitive signals the following roles as a satellite:

  • result (with the same force as ὥστε or ὡς with the infinitive);

  • reference (= point of view);

  • instrument (with the same function as the dative of instrument);

  • source (with the same function as the genitive of source).

The accusative can signal an object with intransitive verbs, if the object is:

  • etymologically related to the predicate, i.e. if they contain the same stem;

  • semantically related to the predicate, i.e. if they express the same meaning;

  • a neuter adjective or pronoun used as a substantive.

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