ὡς

The participle, sometimes accompanied by ἅτε or ὡς, signals a cause as a satellite agreeing with an argument.

The participle in the future (rarely in the present) signals a goal as a satellite, agreeing with an argument. This is usually the case with verbs of sending, going, commanding, preparing, etc.

The participle signals a manner as a satellite agreeing with another constituent. If accompanied by the particle ὥσπερ or ὡς ‘as, like’ the participle signals a manner on the basis of a comparison.

The genitive absolute, often accompanied by ἅτε or ὡς, signals a cause as a satellite.

A subordinate clause without ἄν, introduced by ἵνα, ὅπως or ὡς (in epic and lyrical poetry also ὄφρα and ἕως), signals a goal as a satellite.

A finite subordinate clause, introduced by one of the conjunctions given below, signals a manner or degree based on a comparison as a modifier, often called a clause of comparison. Less commonly this clause occurs as a satellite.

The infinitive, preceded by ὥστε (sometimes ὡς), signals a possible result as a satellite.

A subordinate clause with the moods of the main clause, introduced by ὥστε (sometimes ὡς), signals a result as a satellite.
By using a finite subordinate clause, the speaker represents the result as a fact. The indicative is not the only mood to be used: the optative with ἄν expresses a possible result, the secondary indicative with ἄν a counterfactual result.

A finite subordinate clause introduced by one of the conjunctions given below signals a cause as a satellite. The most common conjunctions are ὅτι, διότι, ὡς ‘because’, ἐπεί ‘since’, ἐπειδή ‘seeing that’, ὅτε, ὁπότε ‘since’.

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